Bike Culture in Europe and the USA
The wide variety of folks that cycle on an ordinary foundation in Canada and the USA has expanded step by step for the past many years. According to a observe posted in 2011-which checked out statistics from national surveys performed by way of the U.S. Department of Transportation-the quantity of motorcycle journeys taken every yr tripled between 1977 and 2009. The paper, which cites the upward push of a “biking renaissance,” additionally reviews the number of people who motorbike to paintings doubled among 2000 and 2009-accounting for 0.6 percentage, or about 766,000 Americans, of the operating populace. This quantity increased to 865,000 American commuters with the aid of 2012 (although, with the growing team of workers, this proportion remained at zero.6 percentage).
These numbers constitute countrywide averages but are much higher in cities that invest drastically in cycling infrastructure. Portland, often recognized as America’s finest biking city, increased the range of motorbike journeys in step with 12 months by way of nearly six-fold between 1990 and 2009, accounting for almost 6 percent of basic transportation. For the paintings-unique tour, bike-use peaked at 18 percent of all commutes in 2008.
Generally, cycling is extra famous in western communities-specifically in dense urban areas, gentrified neighborhoods and college/college locales. However, towns inclusive of Chicago, Minneapolis and New York City have additionally seen a large boom in biking populations, suggesting climate and climate are not the best factors influencing motorbike use.
It’s worth noting that income can have an impact on why humans cycle. More affluent populations are much more likely to cycle for enjoyment, while low-income populations are more likely to cycle for utilitarian functions-i.E. Commuting to paintings or faculty. In other phrases, biking can be extra of a laugh pastime than a proper mode of transportation. The majority of those who cycle regularly may also best do so because they can’t have the funds to pressure.
While Americans can take pleasure of their developing motorbike culture, cycling has been ubiquitous in European groups for decades. In Denmark, sixteen percent of all trips are made by bike-and 25 percent of journeys less than three miles. As in North America, city regions see greater cycling than rural, and it is predicted that fifty percent of Copenhagen residents bike to paintings or school. Bike possession is every other big indicator; ninety percentage of Denmark’s populace very own a motorbike whilst simplest 56 percent personal a car.
The scenario is comparable in the Netherlands. In Amsterdam, which has a population of 779,808, there are 800,000 bikes and simplest 263,000 cars-it is more motorcycles than people! Ridership is likewise excessive, with approximately 63 percent of Danish humans using their motorcycles every day-and making up about forty-eight percent of all metropolis visitors (in comparison to handiest 22 percentage for cars).
In North America, relying on where you stay, bike culture may also seem extra like a sub-, or even counter-, culture-famous amongst businesses that differentiate themselves from the mainstream with the aid of touting “more healthy” or “greater sustainable” existence. (Depending to your view of cycling, you might even name these human beings “wackos” or some other derivative.) In Europe, the culture is much distinctive, as biking is greater pervasive-maybe even indistinguishable-from the norm. Greg Hascom wrote a series of articles for Grist a while back. He files his experience within the motorcycle-haven of Copenhagen-in which, he notes people are “as comfy on their motorcycles as we [North Americans] are in our vehicles.”
Denmark and the Netherlands are domestic to a number of the maximum recognized bicycle groups in the global-and they are not restricted to twenty-somethings cycling between instructions on campus. Cycling is commonplace across all Dutch demographics-men and women, old and young-who trip often by way of bike all-12 months spherical. They cycle to work, college, daycare, grocery shops, activities-you call it and biking is the manner to go.
Far from the tricked-out performance bikes you see in lots of American towns, the general public in Copenhagen journey heavy cruiser motorcycles with extensive fenders, huge baskets on the front and/or racks on the returned. Bikes are a way to getting from one region to some other-and little greater. There is little room or interest for motorcycles to tackle reputation symbols, and lots of suffering from the neglect and disrepair traditional of work/application vehicles.
Riding apparel takes a similar “characteristic over fashion” aesthetic. Instead of form-becoming, overall performance-oriented Lycra or Spandex artificial fabrics, Copenhageners ride in their general denim, skirts or other business attire. Pick up any American biking mag, and you may see web page after web page of clothier gear and accent system championed via backed athletes. As BBC Magazine notes about Amsterdam riders, but, “The motorcycle is an integral part of normal lifestyles as opposed to a consultant’s accent or a symbol of a minority lifestyle, so Dutch human beings don’t issue themselves with having the very cutting-edge model of motorbike or hello-tech gadgets.”
In his go to Denmark, Hanscom also notes that instead of getting expansive parking masses for motor motors, areas are dedicated to stacks of bikes parked within the masses. Additionally, bike lanes have a clean presentation and are well maintained-and “bicycle superhighways” connect close by suburbs to predominant city facilities. City investment in infrastructure is another vast indicator for the popularity of motorcycle commuting. In Copenhagen, for instance, the sizeable majority of cyclists pick out cycling because of the quickest and maximum convenient shape of transportation available.
While improving metropolis infrastructure and growing a vibrant, mainstream biking tradition may also appear unrelated, the 2 are in truth closely connected. Infrastructure supports cycling by means of decreasing limitations which include inconvenient routes and perceived threats to protection. But without a strong ridership, it could be tough for municipalities to justify motorcycle-friendly prices. As such, it is able to be hard to recognize which must come first, the motorbike surroundings or the bikes-and it can be a different case for extraordinary groups.
Regardless of that’s a greater power, both are becoming greater generic in North America. We mentioned above how North America’s leading motorbike groups have invested heavily in infrastructure. Education and visibility also can have a huge effect. Critical Mass biking events can be extremely good manner for increasing enthusiasm and encouragement-showing call for municipal support and growing awareness and protection amongst drivers.
There are also signs the following generation of commuters might also have their personal commuting goals. A latest have a look at at the University of Michigan indicates that fewer younger people are driving than in previous years. In 1983, 87 percent of 19-year-olds had their motive force’s license in comparison to 65 percent in 2008. That stated, the demographic with the best growth in cycling is forty-60 12 months old, who between 2001 and 2009 increased their share of the cycling populace from 10 percent to 21 percentage-as compared to sixteen-24 and 25-39-year-olds who saw modest increases to eleven percent and 23 percent respectively. Youths younger than sixteen had been the most effective organization to lose their proportional percentage of cycling populations.