Computer Implemented Inventions – Where Are We Now?
The EPO outline a computer carried out invention as an invention that works with the aid of using a pc, a computer network or different programmable apparatus. To qualify, the discovery additionally wishes to have one or more capabilities which might be “realised completely or partially by using a laptop application”.
Before the European Patent Convention 1973, the implementation of the specific provisions referring to pc associated innovations become normally left to the EPO, member states and countrywide courts to solve. It changed into felt that as technology advanced a selected definition of what would qualify as a patentable invention could potentially restrict or miss emerging technologies. Also there have been plenty disdain in the direction of America remedy of Software Patents and wariness approximately letting the exercise infiltrate to Europe.
Finally, it changed into also widely believed that copyright and database proper had been sufficient safety for software program code and that permitting patenting of a pc application would possibly result in double protection, which might fall foul of competition laws.
(1) ‘Patentable Inventions’ states that “European patents shall be granted for any innovations, in all fields of generation, provided that they may be new, contain an imaginative step and are susceptible of industrial utility.” The phase then lists a few agencies of exclusions at Art fifty-two
(2), specifically:- (a) discoveries, medical theories and mathematical strategies; (b)aesthetic creations; (c) schemes, policies and techniques for performing intellectual acts, gambling video games or doing commercial enterprise, and packages for computer systems; and (d) presentations of records. However, it is going on to include a clause that the subject remembers regarding these exclusions will be excluded from patentability “only to the volume to which a European patent application or European patent relates to such subject-matter or activities as such”.
Over the years there has been a lot banging of heads approximately what the proper meaning of the ‘…As such’ – particularly due to the fact the EPO has not furnished a clear indication as to what the phrases mean in relation to ‘pc packages’. The only explanation has been that for laptop implemented inventions to be patentable, they should have technical effect/ man or woman, and resolve technical trouble, similarly to the other requirements of patentability. However, this genuinely begs the questions of what is or isn’t always a technical character and what is or is not a technical problem.
In Viacom/Computer-related Invention  the EPO stated that a declare directed to a technical process that’s carried out below the manage of a application (to be implemented in hardware or software) can’t be appeared as relating to a computer application as which includes it’s for the application of the program for figuring out the sequence of steps in the process for which in effect safety is sought and that one of these claims is allowable beneath artwork 52 of the EPC.
Then got here Merrill Lynch’s Application  setting up that there must be “some technical increase on the prior artwork within the form of a brand new result.” Although Viacom hooked up that applications running on recognized hardware had been patentable, many packages for such programs had been hopelessly unsuccessful.
Fujitsu’s Application  was for a technique of modeling crystal structures for designing inorganic compounds by manipulating the photographs of acknowledged structures, a procedure that had previously been finished by linking bits of plastic. The examiner decided that the invention fell inside the exclusions, being nothing more than a pc application and a method for acting an intellectual act. On Appeal to the High Court it become determined that the discovery became “in substance of a scheme or approach for acting a mental act” The Court of Appeal dismissed the following enchantment that accompanied, concluding that the important question became whether the discovery produced a technical contribution, now not if it provided a brand new tool.
In evaluation with the EPO’s approach, and in light of cases including Astron Clinica Ltd 2008], the practice has been challenged or even brushed off as wrong, specifically due to the fact, a number of the United Kingdom choices have now not been clean in identifying the technical contribution, or certainly what comprises technical character. Although a few judges have attempted to interpret the 4 step take a look at as being in step with the EPO technique, the judgment in Macrossan’s additionally appears to reject the fundamental principles set out in other earlier decisions as an example the Fujitsu’s Application, a judgment that suggest the UK Courts ought to seek steerage from the case regulation of the EPO.
On 22nd October 2008, the President of the European Patent Office (EPO), Alison Brimelow, made a referral to the Enlarged Board of Appeal (the EPO’s Supreme judiciary frame) on numerous questions concerning the Patentability of Computer-Implemented innovations. With patent packages for laptop-primarily based innovations experiencing the very best boom fee amongst all patent classes filed at the European Patent Office (EPO) during the last few years, it will be interesting to see what the response from the Enlarged Board of Appeal will be.